Despite about forty years of feminist intervention, gender as an analytical category still does not systematically receive attention in the socio-scientific analysis of the welfare state. Also within the current interpretation of a transition from the fordistic welfare state to the post-fordistic activation state, gender is only of secondary importance. This masters thesis describes the development of feminist welfare state theory and analyses insights as well as the limitations of the various approaches. In this context, investigations of the current transformation of the welfare state are of peculiar interest. Feminist theorists such as Gundula Ludwig, Gabriele Michalitsch or Katharina Pühl deconstruct the supposed gender-neutrality of neo-liberal programs and reveal their gender-specific dimensions. The present work shows how the above mentioned authors engender theoretical findings of Michel Foucault and asks in what way this can contribute to a further development of feminist welfare state theory.