This masters thesis aims to explore the implications of institutional support systems on the work-family reconciliation of non-traditional career families (NTCF) in Austria and the United States. The masters thesis strives to target the research gap by combining different studies from international management, social policy research and by conducting a qualitative empirical investigation. In particular, the method of a qualitative content analysis of newspaper data has been selected. The investigation period covers the years 2015 and 2016. The results of the empirical research show that the extent to which institutional support systems for work-family reconciliation are available highly influences the living environment of NTCFs and their employers. The newspaper content analysis shows that there are more institutional support systems available in conservative welfare states (Austria), and less in liberal ones (United States). However, the empirical investigation exposes that the available support systems for NTCFs vary widely in their efficiency in order to tackle work-family reconciliation challenges in Austria and the United States. In addition, this thesis reveals a strong correlation between the different providers of institutional support systems for NTCFs. The country comparison indicates that employers have to compensate for missing institutional support systems in order to attract talents of NTCFs and retain them. In addition, evidence was found that in Austria and the United States institutional support systems highly reinforce traditional gender roles. In Austria, the strong reinforcement of traditional gender roles leads to the assumption that the majority of the institutional support systems implemented by the government do not fully support members of NTCFs. In the United States, the emphasis on traditional gender roles can be traced back to missing support systems and family policies by employers.