This master thesis is about “National Socialists Politics concerning Literature”. In the beginning the main institutions, which were responsible for literature, their tasks and presidents are presented. This is followed by a description of the situation and problems for book stores and publishing houses. The main part is about the literature of this time itself and all its authors: types and themes of books, genres, propaganda, the book canon, the canon at schools and the authors, who are promoted by the regime. To show the situation in this time for the authors, there are two practical examples for each type of book, which show the life and work during the time of National Socialism. The thesis ends with an analysis of the effect of the literature of this time.