To more than 20% of Austrian pupils, German is a second language. This paper discusses the question of, how these childrens identity is affected by migrating from a foreign country. By growing up here, they are connected to Austria as much as they are connected to the country they or their parents emigrated from through their mother tongue for instance. To be complete, the question of how migration affects the identity formation of children without emigrational background, is raised. Initally this paper examines what an identity is, whether aspects such as nation and culture are relevant, and to what extent they impact children between nine and eleven years and their devel-oping identities. This paper furthermore deals with the question of how difficult it is to develop a positive identity, whilst various aspects of racism might be taking effect in everyday life. Through qualitative social research methods, the main part of this paper aims to answer all of these questions. In order to do that, twelve children from nine to eleven years of age, were inter-viewed and their answers were compiled for conclusions to be drawn. The central research-question is: are these pupils really caught in the middle, between Austria and their country of origin, or do they shape a so-called hybrid identity out of both cultures.