Fork/Join-based parallel programming is a versatile programming model, which combined with work-stealing scheduling allows for low-overhead dynamic load distribution. This makes it an excellent tool to parallelize workloads for which the structure depends on the input data or other dynamic characteristics. Unfortunately, in Java fork/join parallelism comes with a high sequential overhead, because even if a worker can process all tasks itself, the corresponding task objects need to be created and are potentially scheduled on the work-stealing queue. This means, programmers have the extra burden of introducing sequential cut-offs to ensure a task granularity that benefits from parallel execution. Moreover, scheduling and executing tasks in Javas Fork/Join executor might prevent compiler optimizations due to the Java Memory Model semantics. In collaboration with Oracle Labs, we investigated whether optimizations that avoid task creation  can be applied to Truffle-based AST interpreters . The goal was to replicate experiments that have been done for custom JVMs based on the Truffle infrastructure. Furthermore, it was investigated whether it is possible to use these or similar techniques to avoid overhead for fork/join task creation in peak-performance for parallel benchmarks. The main research challenge was to find techniques that can rely on the existing Truffle mechanisms for optimizations based on AST nodes, specialization of operations, speculative compilation, and deoptimization. The main challenge was to devise a lowoverhead technique for interaction between threads that does not require threads to fallback to interpreter execution after work was stolen from them. Kumar, V.; Frampton, D.; Blackburn, S. M.; Grove, D. & Tardieu, O. (2012), Work-Stealing Without The Baggage, in Proc. of the 2012 ACM SIGPLAN Conference on Object-Oriented Programming Systems, Languages & Applications (OOPSLA 2012), 2012, ACM, pp. 297-314.  Würthinger, T.; Wöß, A.; Stadler, L.; Duboscq, G.; Simon, D. & Wimmer, C. (2012), Self-Optimizing AST Interpreters, in Proc. of the 8th Dynamic Languages Symposium, pp. 73-82.