This thesis is about virtual work and its effects on how people deal with success and failure. Here virtual work is defined as work which is done by means of modern communication and information technology and this work is not done in the companys office or at a customer. To prove if virtual work intensifies incorrect attributions of success and failure, an online survey was created, in which German speaking people from many European countries took part. To sum up, the expectations inferred from literature could not be confirmed. It could not be proved if virtual work intensifies incorrect attributions of success and failure. But it can be said that there is a difference if you experience a successful situation in a virtual or a non-virtual setting. In virtual settings success is attributed more internal. Concerning failure situations, the study did not generate significant results. Moreover, it could not be confirmed that self-worth and social support have impacts on the handling of success and failure. This is due to the fact that most of the research results were not significant.