Hardly any sport has been more male-dominated than football, which has had enormous effects on the chances for girls and women to enter clubs and practice this sport, especially when they try to do it on a professional level. History, however, shows that football has not always been male-dominated. There is extensive evidence that girls and women started to play this sport shortly after men did. But occurrences such as World War One and the National Socialist period meant heavy setbacks for the development of the girls and womens football in Europe. During these periods of time it was tried to establish a society which should be characterised by male dominance. This led to the fact that men excluded women from every single football field in the occupied territories, such as Austria. In this context, prevailing gender roles and their impact on the socialization of people has played a very essential role, especially when dividing sports in female and male ones. Therefore, for a long time girls and women did not seem to be suitable and qualified enough to play football. The French sociologist Pierre Bourdieu labelled this phenomenon as a social theory called “Habitus”, which refers to the ingrained habits, skills and traditions that humans possess due to their life experiences. This Habitus is created through a social process leading to patterns and habits that are enduring and affect all social classes and all areas of life, which makes this theory transferable to a lot of contexts. In this master thesis it was tried to link the “Habitus” to the area of football. Due to the fact that masculinity was regarded as the standard in the field of football, girls and women were excluded for a very long time. They were prohibited from joining football clubs and even from stepping on public football fields. By contrast, the 1970s brought a decisive change because henceforth, girls and women have been allowed to enter selected football clubs. Nevertheless, it was not until the 2000s that a high number of girls and women were confident enough to play football on a regular basis. This fact can also be supported by figures and data from Austria and especially Upper-Austria. Although there is a clear upward tendency, the number of female football players is still lower than 10 percent as compared to the total number of football players in this country. However, since the beginning of the 21st century and especially during the UEFAs Womens Euro 2017, when Austrias womens national football team succeeded in making it to the semi-final, womens football has grown both in participation and popularity. Still, female football players keep on struggling for social acceptance, equal opportunities, wider media coverage and equal payment. Despite many obstacles and barriers which still have to be overcome, the number of actively playing female football players and the general popularity in society are gradually growing.